Duong Lam ancient house

duong-lam-ancient-house

The folk houses in Duong Lam village

Duong Lam ancient house are seft-contained, emcompassed by walls. The entrance and exit can be made only through the gate facing the lane. In the middle of house’s precinct is the yard. The main house faces the yeard and does not face the lane directly. On one side of the yeard is a well.

The precinct of the house is generally rectangular in shape, and the gate is usually placed at eh side of precinct instead of directly facing the main house

The main house of the northern Vietnam folk houses is generally five spans in width and three spans in depth. The depth of the eaves varies depending on the building. For houses with deep eaves, in some cases, the space under the eaves in converted to interior space by placing laterite brick walls or fittings. Looking from the front, the sturdy flat tiled roff and the row of columns under the eaves look very impressive. The wooden partition and fittings are also distinctive. In some cases, a room at the side of the house is compassed by brick walls.

Three sides of the main house are laterite brick-made walls. A part of these walls also serves as fence to separate the house with lanes and ajacent houses. The gate of the houses is white-washed in some cases and tile-roofed in other cases. The doors of the gate are made of wood. The continuous line of laterite walls and the gates of the houses all contribute to the attractiveness of the village.

Ancient house architecture

The main house of a typical folk house in Duong Lam village consists of main room at the center of the main room. The two sides are living areas. The head of the household usually sleeps at the main room at the center and outer rooms on both sides. The main room has four principal columns surrounded by side columns. Ancestor altar is placed at the center of the main room. The two sides are living areas. The head of the household usually sleeps at the mian room. The outer rooms are mainly used as bedroom for children or young couples. In some cases, they are used as storage or work space.

The columns, beams, and roof frame are assembled scrupulously and together with the fine carvings and ornaments, they add to the grandeur of the house. In Duong Lam village, one can observe not only the framework structure of Ha Tay and Bac Ninh province, but also the framework structure similar to that of Thanh Hoa province-the place of orgin of the Duong Lam village ancestors.

Wells are vital element in the life of Duong Lam inhabitants. In the old days, the inhabitants of this village used to wash, bathe and cook. In recent years, some houses have started to use modern equipment and facilitites  such as pumps, showers, sanitation, etc.., which change the tranditional appearance and this fact has required a suitable solution for conservation.

In the past, villagers cooked in the annex and brought meals to the main house. Although cooking utensils have changed over the years, the firewood stove is still used popularly. There are hardly any cases of kitchen being moved to the main house.

In a normal site plan, the main house faces the verdant yard, and the well and annex are placed on the side.

The tranditional household furniture of Duong Lam village includes ancestor altar, plank bed, chest, wicker basket, etc. The sets of sturdy wooden furniture are carved and ornamented elaborately. The plank bed is solid, including a flat plank and a curved set of legs. Items such as chest and wicker basket, althought not numerous in number , are also preserved well.

There are many kinds ancestor altar, and all of them are tranditional in style. In some cases, plank bed has been replaced by wooden sofa, modern bed, or sideboard, and the chest and wicker basket have been replaced by western cabinet. With the improvement in the consciousness of inhabitants in recent years, the ceramics, stone mortars, old currency and bronze equipment are also being preserved with care.

The main house of the northern Vietnam folk houses is generally five spans in width and three spans in depth. The depth of the eaves varies depending on the building. For houses with deep eaves, in some cases, the space under the eaves in converted to interior space by placing laterite brick walls or fittings. Looking from the front, the sturdy flat tiled roff and the row of columns under the eaves look very impressive. The wooden partition and fittings are also distinctive. In some cases, a room at the side of the house is compassed by brick walls.

Three sides of the main house are laterite brick-made walls. A part of these walls also serves as fence to separate the house with lanes and ajacent houses. The gate of the houses is white-washed in some cases and tile-roofed in other cases. The doors of the gate are made of wood. The continuous line of laterite walls and the gates of the houses all contribute to the attractiveness of the village.

The main house of a typical folk house in Duong Lam village consists of main room at the center of the main room. The two sides are living areas. The head of the household usually sleeps at the main room at the center and outer rooms on both sides. The main room has four principal columns surrounded by side columns. Ancestor altar is placed at the center of the main room. The two sides are living areas. The head of the household usually sleeps at the mian room. The outer rooms are mainly used as bedroom for children or young couples. In some cases, they are used as storage or work space.

The columns, beams, and roof frame are assembled scrupulously and together with the fine carvings and ornaments, they add to the grandeur of the house. In Duong Lam village, one can observe not only the framework structure of Ha Tay and Bac Ninh province, but also the framework structure similar to that of Thanh Hoa province-the place of orgin of the Duong Lam village ancestors.

Village well

Wells are vital element in the life of Duong Lam inhabitants. In the old days, the inhabitants of this village used to wash, bathe and cook. In recent years, some houses have started to use modern equipment and facilitites  such as pumps, showers, sanitation, etc.., which change the tranditional appearance and this fact has required a suitable solution for conservation.

In the past, villagers cooked in the annex and brought meals to the main house. Although cooking utensils have changed over the years, the firewood stove is still used popularly. There are hardly any cases of kitchen being moved to the main house.

In a normal site plan, the main house faces the verdant yard, and the well and annex are placed on the side.

The tranditional household furniture of Duong Lam village includes ancestor altar, plank bed, chest, wicker basket, etc. The sets of sturdy wooden furniture are carved and ornamented elaborately. The plank bed is solid, including a flat plank and a curved set of legs. Items such as chest and wicker basket, althought not numerous in number , are also preserved well.

There are many kinds ancestor altar, and all of them are tranditional in style. In some cases, plank bed has been replaced by wooden sofa, modern bed, or sideboard, and the chest and wicker basket have been replaced by western cabinet. With the improvement in the consciousness of inhabitants in recent years, the ceramics, stone mortars, old currency and bronze equipment are also being preserved with care.

In conclusion, Duong Lam ancient houses will be very unique to Vietnam rural life. We do hope that they will be preserved in the best ways.

Source : Ancient village Duong Lam.

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