Duong Lam village ancient house
Ancient house in Duong Lam village is surrounded by wall. The locals made exit and entrance facing the lane. The yard is in the center of the house’s precinct. The yard is opposite the main house which isn”t face the land directly. The well is on the side of the yard.
The house’s precinct is often in shaped “rectangular” and the gate is located at the side of precinct, instead of facing directly the main house.
The traditional house in Northern part of Vietnam is usually five spans wide and three spans deep. There are a various of eaves depending on the building. Vietnamese sometime convert the space under the eaves to interior space by placing fittings or brick walls made of laterite
Looking from the front, the sturdy flat tiled roof and the row of columns under the eaves look really amazing. The wooden partition and fittings are also distinctive. We sometime seen the side room is surrounded by brick walls.
The main house with three sides are made of laterite brick walls. The fence is made of a part of these walls in order to separate the house with lanes and adjacent houses. The house’s gate is white-washed in some cases and tile-roofed in other cases. The wooden gate door. What make the village attractive is the gates of the houses and the continuous line of laterite walls.
The architechture of the ancient house in Duong Lam village
There is a main room at the heart of the main room in a typical ancient houses in the village. The living area is on two sides. The owner of the house sleeps on the center room and kids and young couples sleep on side rooms. The head of the household usually sleeps at the main room at the center and outer rooms on both sides. It is sometimes used as work space or storage. The main room has four principal columns surrounded by side columns. In the heart of the main room is ancestor altar, which is premier location is to show respect to our ancestor and living rooms are on both sides.
The roof frame, columns and beams are assembled scrupulously and together with the fine carvings and ornaments, grandeur was added into the house. You can see the In Duong Lam village, one can observe not only the framework structure of Bac Ninh and Ha Tay province, but also the framework structure similar to that of Thanh Hoa province which is known as origin of the ancestors in Duong Lam village.
Duong Lam village well
Wells plays a very important role in local life in Duong Lam village. In the past, locals used to cook, bathe and wash at the well. Nowadays, people use modern facilities and equipment as shower, pumps, sanitation etc.., which change old appearance and we do need to find solution to preserve
In the old days, local villagers used to cook in the kitchen in separated area and brought them to the main house to have meals. The uses of cooking utensils has changed years to years. They now use gas stove for cooking. You don’t see the kitchen in the main house
In a normal site plan, the main house faces the verdant yard, and the well and annex are placed on the side.
The traditional household furniture of the village includes ancestor altar, chest, wicker basket,plank bed etc. The sets of sturdy wooden furniture are carved and ornamented elaborately. The plank bed is solid, including a flat plank and a curved set of legs. Items such as chest and wicker basket, although not numerous in number , are also preserved well.
There are many kinds of traditional ancestor altar in style. The plank bed is now replaced by sofa, modern bed, or sideboard, and the chest and wicker basket have been replaced by western cabinet. With the improvement in the consciousness of inhabitants in recent years, the ceramics, stone mortars, old currency and bronze equipment are also being preserved with care.
The main house’s architecture
The main house of the northern Vietnam folk houses is generally five spans in width and three spans in depth. The depth of the eaves varies depending on the building. For houses with deep eaves, in some cases, the space under the eaves in converted to interior space by placing laterite brick walls or fittings. Looking from the front, the sturdy flat tiled roff and the row of columns under the eaves look very impressive. The wooden partition and fittings are also distinctive. In some cases, a room at the side of the house is compassed by brick walls.
Three sides of the main house are laterite brick-made walls. A part of these walls also serves as fence to separate the house with lanes and ajacent houses. The gate of the houses is white-washed in some cases and tile-roofed in other cases. The doors of the gate are made of wood. The continuous line of laterite walls and the gates of the houses all contribute to the attractiveness of the village.
The main house of a typical folk house in Duong Lam village consists of main room at the center of the main room. The two sides are living areas. The head of the household usually sleeps at the main room at the center and outer rooms on both sides. The main room has four principal columns surrounded by side columns. Ancestor altar is placed at the center of the main room. The two sides are living areas. The head of the household usually sleeps at the main room. The outer rooms are mainly used as bedroom for children or young couples. In some cases, they are used as storage or work space.
The columns, beams, and roof frame are assembled scrupulously and together with the fine carvings and ornaments, they add to the grandeur of the house. In Duong Lam village, one can observe not only the framework structure of Ha Tay and Bac Ninh province, but also the framework structure similar to that of Thanh Hoa province-the place of orgin of the Duong Lam village ancestors.
In conclusion, Duong Lam ancient houses will be very unique to Vietnam rural life. We do hope that they will be preserved in the best ways.
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Source : Ancient village Duong Lam.